Posts Tagged ‘Racial Statistics’

Tenang by-election and Indians

February 10th, 2011
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The recently concluded Tenang by-election saw BN candidate winning with a higher majority of 3707 as compared to 2008 General Elections, but still below the target set by the DPM. This may be partially due to the flood causing voter turnout to be about 67% only. According to Election Commission turnout is 66.7% which is a fall of 6.8% from the 73.5% turnout at the 2008 general election.  BTW, previous majority was 2,492.

An analysis by Naragan on the Indian voters shows the below (I’m not sure of the source of the data). He also did a write up on the possible impact of HRP, but I’m not going into that at the moment.

2008 2011
Total Indians voted 1104 694
Indian votes for BN 550 555
Indians voted for PR 554 144

Tony Pua also tweeted that 80% of the Indian voters voted for BN but the turnout was about 23% less.

I’m continuing with the assumption that the statistics above are correct. If anyone has the updated/correct stats, do let me know.

The total Indian voters are at 12% numbering about 1,754 voters. We can see from above that the turnout dropped nearly 40% and the votes for BN remains similar.  The votes for PR suffered tremendously as it dropped by about 75%. What does this mean? The makkal not interested to vote for PR as before and also not interested to vote for BN as well? Also, nearly 2/3 did not turn up to vote, which is more alarming! Bear in mind, of the 1754, 1100 are MIC members. Looks like MIC have lot of work to do.  Yes, they got 80% of the votes but its very misleading as the turnout is much less, and most voters who voted for PR did not turn up. In fact, the MIC Johor boss expected 80% of the TOTAL voters to vote for BN, and they actually got only about half of that.

However, two replies I got via twitter saying:

1. overall 73 percent indians voted for bn – source

2. total voters is 1740 turnout varies according to peti undi from 75 to 96 percent – source

And its said to be first-hand info.

Regardless of this, my opinion is that even if all of them voted, it would have not changed the results of this by-election.

The political parties have big KPI for Tenang Indians: ensure at least 80% of the Indian voters turn up to vote in next election.

I’m amused to read the story below from Malaysiakini, talking about the Indians in Tenang.  Read it and wonder if its one reason why voter turnout is low – the makkal think PR won’t be able to help, or that BN already helping enough, and the election result is foregone conclusion. So why bother voting?

The soaring price of rubber and palm oil has brought windfall to the residents of Tenang, with some Chinese estate owners and Malay Felda settlers reaping a monthly income of RM10,000.

However, most of the Indians voters in Tenang are struggling with rising living costs while still stuck with their monthly RM600 pay from giant plantation companies.

NONELabis Utara estate is one such Indian estate settlement in the constituency. Some 30 families are residing in their tiny yellow houses with two rooms, provided by their employer, Sime Darby.

This British colony heritage – providing free basic accommodation to workers and their families with meagre wage – has trapped the Indian community in poverty for three generations.

Although the official working hours are from 7am to 2pm, most are forced to toil overtime for the extra RM4 per hour, in order to hit the RM1,000 monthly income mark.

Those in other estates within the constituency namely Sungai Labis estate, Voules estate and Bukit Datok estates, display the same undying faith in the system.

Woeful living conditions

Labis Utara estate is only a 10-minute drive from Labis town but a large part of the road leading to the estate remains unpaved and is sometimes inundated after day-long rains, cutting the residents’ only access to town.

Despite the poor living conditions, a visit to Labis Utara by Malaysiakini found that many of the voters there remain staunch BN supporters.

To them, the BN and MIC are their only hope and the free accommodation, 50 percent school transport subsidy for their children and free public medical service are more than enough to ensure their loyalty.

They were well aware that the Felda settlers’ living standards have risen over the past 30 years compared to their stagnation, but the idea of switching their loyalty to the opposition had apparently never crossed their mind.

NONE“The MIC is more reliable than my own children,” said P Kunasegaran, 51, (right) who lost the ability to walk in an accident in 1995.

He added that supporting the BN is the bequest left to him by his late father.

“Before he died, he asked me to support the BN. I have voted five or six times for the BN. I also asked my children to support the BN.”

Abandoned parents’ total faith

The father of six, who now relies on his wife who earns RM400 as a cleaner at the Sime Darby office, said all his children had abandoned their parents.

“That’s why I say the BN and MIC are more reliable than my children. I will never support others. When I met with the accident, it was an MIC member who sent me to the hospital.”

Asked whether the government could have could have helped out his community through a scheme similar to that of Felda, Kunasegaran hesitated awhile but still maintained his loyalty.

“Even if that’s the case, I’m still thankful to the government. Hinduism teaches us to appreciate even the smallest help. Former MIC president S Samy Vellu is like my god.”

As for M Devi, 36, who earns RM400 a month as a Sime Darby office assistant, her reason for supporting the ruling coalition is simple – her employer had paid for her medical bill twice, when she gave birth to her two children at the Segamat government hospital.

Life jacket promise feeds faith

Her husband S Narayan, 45, has more reasons to support the BN as the MIC had assisted him to land him a cleaner’s job with Johor waste management contractor, Southern Waste.

“Before that I was a worker in an oil palm estate. I’m the envy of many people in this area! I can earn up to RM1,300 a month if I work overtime.”

Another couple, M Panirselpam, 49, and R Santhi, are the third generation of estate workers here.

NONEThey were both with Sime Darby estate earning a total monthly income of RM1,000 before Santhi (left) was diagnosed with Osteophytes (a type of bone spur, or bony projections that form along joints) which forced her to stop working.

“Earlier the MIC had promised that they would assist children who could get into higher education institutions. This is quite attractive to me because I want my children to be freed from such poverty,” said Panirselpam.

Less non-Malay applicants for civil service jobs

October 17th, 2010
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Earlier, we saw some very suspicious statistics by Deputy Minister Murugiah which looked like an insult to our intelligence.

Today, we read that there were only 2,595 Chinese and 2,341 Indian of the 50,756 successful applicants for government post last year.  That’s 5.11% Chinese and 4.61% Indians. Definitely can’t achieve a balanced ratio in next 30 to 75 years.

If the reason given is that not many applicants, then one would logically ask: what steps were taken to generate more awareness. I seriously doubt that the issue of low application only occurred in 2009. In fact, post 2007 rally, there seems to be an increase of Indian staff, even though its just based on my observation.

There must be some innovative measures to attract more (quality) applicants. Maybe can rope in NGOs, temples, have booths at areas with high population of non-Malays, advertise in vernacular paper/radio/TV channels, promote at IPTA/IPTS and so on.

The civil service this year will take in more non-Malays, who make up only 5% of the more than 50,700 applicants for government jobs last year.

There would be more briefings and talks to prepare them for the public sector, Public Service Commission (PSC) chairman Tan Sri Jamaluddin Ahmad Damanhuri said, adding there will be more interview centres nationwide to draw more non-Malays for jobs in the civil service.

“Our staff will be at the interview centres to explain the jobs available for certain levels of qualifications,” he said at the end of a four-day public services conference here yesterday.

Jamaluddin said the lack of non-Malay staff in the public service was mostly due to the fact that many were unaware of the jobs available as well as qualification requirements.

He added that more than 1.5 million people applied for jobs last year and only 50,756 candidates were selected.

Among them were 2,595 Chinese, 2,341 Indians and the rest Malays and other races.

Meanwhile, Public Service Department director-general Datuk Seri Abu Bakar Abdullah said those who intend to join the government can use its eSMSM short-messaging service to check on their application status, interviews and results of interviews.

He said the public sector is always encouraging non-Malays, including those from Sabah and Sarawak, to join the service.

“It is important for us to have public servants from various races to enable the sector to be more sensitive to the different cultures and views of the public,” he said.

Increase in Chinese and Indians hired in civil service?

October 14th, 2010
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This is the statement made by Deputy Minister Murugiah. It seems the percentage increased since from 2008, but at a meager 9% for the Chinese and 4% for the Indians. This means 58.3% of 1,559 Chinese and 42.7% of 1833 Indians have been hired in 2010 (up to June 15).

Is an increase of 9% or 4% over two years something to be proud of? At this rate, when can the civil service be on a more balanced ratio?

But wait, the statistics for 2008 was 49.2% out of 4,648 Chinese and 38.8 per cent of the 6,106 Indian candidates interviewed were hired.

Now, can anyone who is expert in Maths tell me which is bigger:

58.3% of 1,559 or 49.2% of 4,648?

42.7% of 1,833 or 38.8% of 6,106?

I believe elementary division is taught in primary school.

I wonder whose head is going to roll for making the Deputy Minister seem so [fill in the blanks].

Putrajaya moved to quell criticisms today that the civil service was dominated by one race, claiming there was an increase in non-Bumiputera government servants since 2008.

Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Senator Datuk T. Murugiah told a press conference in Parliament today that it was not true that the government only focussed on hiring Bumiputeras into the civil service.

“People always criticise us for hiring only those from one race to work in the service but it is not true. The percentage of non-Bumiputeras hired by the Public Service Commission has increased in the past few years,” he said.

Murugiah explained that 58.2 per cent of the 1,559 Chinese job applicants interviewed for posts in the service were hired by the commission as of June 15 this year.

The number of Chinese employed to date, he added, had seen an increase of nine per cent as compared to 2008.

“There were only 49.2 per cent of Chinese applicants chosen out of the 4,648 who applied. If there are many applicants from one particular race, we will look at the number of applications, their qualifications and their presentations during their interviews.

“We have many applicants but they may not make the screening process due to their qualifications… they have to comply to the set of rules and regulations,” he said.

He added that the applicants were shortlisted by a computer, which wa programmed to filter through applicants according to their qualifications.

“There is no bias there. All races are given opportunity for top management positions. There is no quota system,” he stressed.

Murugiah added that for the Indian applicants, the commission had hired 42.7 per cent of the 1,833 who were interviewed this year.

This, he said, was higher than in 2008 when only 38.8 per cent of the 6,106 interviewed were hired.

But, wait till you read this statement from Minister Koh Tsu Koon which seems to indicate another set of figures (article on 27 August 2010):

Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon said the Public Services Commission (PSC) received 25,789 applications from the Chinese last year compared with 12,872 in 2007.

Koh said the appointments offered by PSC to the Chinese during that period also rose by almost 100 per cent — 2,600 appointed as civil servants last year compared with 1,323 in 2007.

He said statistics as at June this year showed that Malaysia had 1.29 million civil servants, with Malays making up 77 per cent, followed by Sabah and Sarawak Bumiputeras at 8.7 per cent, Chinese (six per cent), Indians (four per cent) and others (4.3 per cent).

Let’s take an average  increase of 2,600 Chinese staff in year, and if you want to increase the 6 percent representation to 20%, how long would it take? Assuming number of civil servants will be 1.3 million.  That would be increase from 77,400 to 260,000 which is 182,600 new staff.  Assuming an unrealistic assumption of no Chinese staff retiring or perishing while in service, it would take another 70 years to reach the target.

Let’s take Murugiah’s figure from 2008 that about 2300 Indians are hired. Same scenario: assume the civil servants are to remain at 1.3 million, no Indian staff retiring or perishing in duty, and we want to increase the 4% (51,600 out of 1.29 million) to 10% (130,000 out of 1.3 million). That’s an increase of 78,400 and would take 34 years to reach.

Obviously, its nearly impossible to have the target ratios within this century. You can’t create new posts since the civil service is too big for the population, and you can’t remove current staff from the high percentage group and give the place to the lower percentage groups. Some sort of “affirmative action” for the minority groups can be proposed, but it won’t be acceptable to some quarters.

IIUM Study on voters and current issues

October 9th, 2010
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Interesting to read that 14% of Indians are choosing not to choose any sides. Probably they realised being taken for a ride by both groups? Assuming that previous study has 0% of non-choosers, that would mean Indians support for PR dropped a whopping 10%!

With 59% still supporting BN, MIC can still breath a bit.

As it is, with the issues grappling PR coalition, it would only further enhance BN, unless of course BN shoot themselves with words/(in)actions that hurt the community.

Also, I think the respondent category for Malay/Bumiputera should be split to get a more clearer picture. Not all Bumiputeras are Malays.

Note that the number of respondents are just 1367, and may not be indicative of the true situation.

The report:

The people’s support for the Barisan Nasional (BN) has increased of late compared to during the 2008 general election, according to a recent study conducted by the International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM).

The study shows that BN’s popularity increased by four per cent to 55 per cent from 51 per cent during the 2008 general election, while only 37 per cent of Malaysians are willing to vote for Pakatan Rakyat (PR), a drop of 12 per cent from 49 per cent in the same period.

Eight per cent of the 1,367 respondents in the survey said they were unsure which party they would vote for if elections were to be called tomorrow.

The same study was done in August 2009 involving 1,458 respondents.

According to the latest study, Malay support for BN has increased by three per cent to 61 per cent in August 2010 from 58 per cent in August 2009. Chinese support for BN is still low but has increased by two per cent from 40 per cent previously.

However, support from the Indian community has dropped from 63 per cent to 59 per cent because 14 per cent of them chose not to support any party.

The study was done from August 1 to 18 nationwide to obtain the views of respondents aged 21 and above, on current issues. The 1,367 respondents comprised Malays/Bumiputeras, Chinese, Indians and Malaysians of other races.

The study was headed by Azrul Hisyam Wakichan and supervised by Prof Datuk Seri Syed Arabi Idid, senior lecturer of the university’s Commmunications Department.

According to the study, BN’s increased popularity is due to several factors, including the effectiveness of the government’s programmes and that the BN component parties have recovered from their internal problems, as well as Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak’s leadership.

Pakatan Rakyat’s popularity, on the other hand, has taken a dip due to the internal squabbles among party members and between its component parties, and its failure to fulfil the promises made in the last general election. – Bernama

80 percent of Malays in lower income category?

May 19th, 2010
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I’m curious to know the source of this statistics. Strangely enough, I didn’t know there’s a “lower income” category. I think there’s high income, middle income, low income, poor, and hard core poor only. And I must admit, looking at the crowd in urban areas, the 20% who are not in “lower-income” groups seems to be a lot. Just go to Shah Alam, Bangi, Putrajaya, KL happening areas.

And I wonder what’s the statistics like for other major communities. Also in the 70-80% bracket? Should be, because we only have small number of tax payers.

I think something is seriously misleading in this statistics and its irresponsible to publish such news without proper source reference.

Malay entrepreneurs must evaluate critically and openly why 80% of Malays were in the lower income category, Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin said.

He said they should be introspective and practice self-critism to grow.

“To succeed, we need to be introspective and practise kaizen, which means continuous improvement. Introspection must include the element of self-critism,” he said at the closing ceremony of the Malay Entrepreneurs Convention here Saturday.

He said under the New Economic Model (NEM), the Government wanted to have practises based on merits, needs, transparency and market-friendliness.

“Malays must see the NEM as an opportunity and not a threat. Malays must be less obsessed with processes and procedures compared with output.

“A pragmatic and practical attitude is better than being dogmatic,” he said.